Chilean Wine Terroirs: The New D.O. system

Official Denominación de Origen or D.O.

The primary Difference in the new system besides the recognition of Zones within some Sub-Regions is the designation of each Area into one of three categories from the Pacific to the Andes. This will give hints to the style of the wine, be it from cool coastal areas or the equally cool but high altitude areas of the Andes. Though not very large the Chileans have a great diversity of topography within some Sub-Region to work with, may we see cool climate Syrah from both the Coast and the Andes growing 30 km apart though showing decidedly different styles?

I can only hope. .

In this list I use these underscored letters to designate the different areas.

C    Costa (Coastal Areas)

E    Entre Cordilleras (Between the Mountains Areas )

A    Andes (Andean Areas)

The system came into effect in May 2011 it goes from largest area to smallest:

Region>Sub-Region>Zone>Area

An Example would be:

Region Central Valley

Sub-Region Rapel Valley

Zone Colchagua Valley

Area Lolol Costa

Note Only some Sub-Regions have Zones. A Sub-Region or Zone may contain all three areas from Costa through the Entre Cordilleras into the Andes.

This system will give unique terriors in Chile the ability to promote their specific styles as has been done for many years in areas such as the Pirque area in the Maipo Valley Sub-Region of the Central Valley Region. Many don’t see the need for this complex system of unrecognizable names, but will realize the value of the system in years to come. I believe this is a very good start and new Areas will be added as they prove thier unique character to the world.

The links I have included take you to excellent information on the Wines of Chile website.

 

From North to South

Atacama Region

    Sub-Region Copiapo Valley

    Sub-Region Huasco Valley

Coquimbo Region

Sub-Region Elqui Valley

Area

A Vicuna

A Paiguano

   Sub-Region Limari Valley

Area

C Ovalle

E Punitaqui

A Monte Patria

A Rio Hurtado

    Sub-Region Choapa Valley

Area

A Salamanca

A Illapel

Aconcaqua Region

    Sub-Region Aconcagua Valley

Area

E Panquehue

    Sub-Region Casablanca Valley

Area

C Casablanca

Central Valley Region

   Sub-Region San Antonio Valley

Zone Leyda

Area

C San Juan

C Marga Marga Valley

    Sub-Region Maipo Valley

Area

E Isla de Maipo

E Talagante

E Melipilla

E Alhue

E Maria Pinto

A Santiago

A Pirque

A Puente Alto

A Buin

   Sub-Region Rapel Valley

Zone Colchagua Valley

Area

C LoLol

E Nancahua

E Santa Cruz

E Palmilla

E Peralillo

E Marchigue

A San Fernando

A Chimbarongo

Zone Cachapoal Valley

Area

E Rancagua

E Peumo

A Requinoa

A Rengo

   Sub-Region Curico Valley

Zone Teno  Valley

Area

E Rauco  

E Romeral

Zone Lontue Valley

          Area

E Sagrada Familia

A Molina

   Sub-Region Maule Valley

Zone Claro Valley

Area

E Talca

E Pencahue

E San Rafael

A San Clemente

Zone Locomilla Valley

          Area

E San Javier

E Villa Alegre        

E Parral

E Linares

Zone Tutuven Valley

Area

E Cauquenes

Southern Region

    Sub-Region Itata Valley

Area

C Coelemu

C Portezuelo

E Chillan

E Quillon

 

    Sub-Region Bio Bio Valley

Area

E Yubel

E Mulchen

Sub-Region Malleco Valley

Area

E Traiguen

For a comprehensive map see:

http://www.winesofchile.org/chilean-wine/wine-regions/

3 thoughts on “Chilean Wine Terroirs: The New D.O. system

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